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Weaves

The choice of the weave determines the characteristics of the cloth.

Cloth for general applications and screening
An essential characteristic of wire cloth is the weave type and the resulting opening. The square opening is most common. Typically, it is often used in screening and classifying.

Plain weave (1/1)
The plain weave is the most common type of weave for wire cloth with a rectangular opening. Due to its accurate and robust opening it is commonly used for screening and classifying.   
  Twill weave (2/2)
The twill weave is commonly used if with a given opening a thicker wire has to be used or if the cloth has to be flexible for deep-drawing. A change of the twill's direction will result in a more robust herringbone pattern.
 
Plain weave
Plain weave
  Twill weave
Twill weave

Oblong and broad opening
The oblong or broad opening cloth is made preferably in plain weave with an opening ratio (length / width) of 3:1. Other ratios are possible. The triple warp weave offers a more specific broad weave for large open surfaces.
 
 
Choise of alternative wire forms
The typical weaving wire is round. With the use of flat wires, stranded wires or plastic yarns not only additional properties but also mechanical stability or a bending property can be achieved.
Oblong and broad openingOblong and broad opening
Langmasche (li.), Trespenbindung (re.)
  Choise of alternative wire formsChoise of alternative wire forms
Litzengewebe (li.) Trespenbindung, Flachdraht (re.)

Filter cloth
In general, cloth for filtration purposes is manufactured with closely positioned wires. The opening has a more triangular form and cannot be geometrically exactly measured with simple measuring equipment. The indication of the micron rating can be calculated from the geometry or established in a trial - if possible under operating conditions. Filter cloth has a fineness of 5 μm - 500 μm, but, depending on the forming of the filter cake in the application, may have even finer values.
 
Plain dutch weave (plain weave)
For the plain dutch weave, the shute wire is woven closely to the previous wire in plain weave manner (1/1). This simple dutch weave is the most common filter cloth. By varying diameter and tightness of the wire, special filtration effects and micron ratings can be achieved.
 
  Twill dutch weave
Twill dutch weave (2/2) is more closely woven than the plain weave. Lower micron ratings can be achieved. Typically, the cloth surface is smoother than that of the simple dutch weave.
Plain dutch weave (plain weave)
Leinentresse
  Twill dutch weave
Körpertresse

Atlas weave/ 5-heddle weave- (4/1)
Atlas weave is a twill weave in which respectively 4 wires are woven up and 1 wire down. The result is a smooth surface on one side and a rough surface on the other. In parts, the pores are rectangular, in parts triangular. Due to its smooth surface the atlas weave is chosen frequently if filter cakes shall come off easily.
 
 
Reversed dutch weave
Reversed dutch weaves are also called PZ mesh. Due to the large number of closely positioned warp wires, this type of weave has a high resilience in the warp direction. It can be woven as a plain or twill weave. The pores are geometrically not as consistent as in the normal dutch weave.
Atlas weave/ 5-heddle weave- (4/1)
Atlasbindung
  Reversed dutch weaveReversed dutch weave
Panzertresse Leinen (li.), Panzertresse Körper (re.)